Morkie: 9 Things to know about the Malteses Yorkie Mix
If you are looking for a truly international crossroads, Morkie is the place to be. Tiny and fluffy, the Morkie makes a wonderful companion and pet the right person. But how do you know if you are that person?
If you are looking for information about Morkie, sit back, relax and read. What is a Morkie dog? We are about to find out!
What is a Morkie?
What is a Morkie? A Morkie, who may also be known as a Morkie Terrier, is a first generation cross.
This means that he is the direct descendant of a purebred Maltese and a purebred Yorkshire Terrier.
The Morkie is sweet, friendly and small and is very popular among dog lovers everywhere.
However, these “designer dogs” of the first generation are not completely free of controversy.
Why is that? Let’s take a look.
History of the Maltese
The Maltese is one of the oldest dog breeds and has been a popular companion dog for centuries.
Its exact origin is not clear.
According to tradition, Phoenician sailors discovered the first similar dogs on the island of Malta in 1500 BC.
However, the name cannot be traced back to the island of Malta, but rather to the Semitic word “Màlat”.
The word means refuge or port, which suggests that the breed’s ancestors lived in the ports and coastal towns of the central Mediterranean.
The dogs there were used primarily to control rats and mice.
The Roman governor of Malta, Publius, had his Maltese dog Issa portrayed and immortalised in a poem in the first century AD.
In the Renaissance in the 15th and 16th centuries, dogs became society dogs for the aristocracy once and for all.
The little white dogs were especially popular with the ladies.
Also the British Queen Victoria as well as the French Queens Marie Antoinette and Joséphine Bonaparte are among the admirers of the breed.
The Maltese is also one of the first dogs that were presented publicly at shows.
In Great Britain they were shown for the first time in 1862, in the U.S.A. a short time later, in 1877.
Internationally the breed belongs today to the FCI Group 9, the Society and Companion Dogs, Section 1.1, the “Bichons and Related Breeds”.
Until today the small companion dog is a popular dog breed worldwide.
The Designer Dog Debate
Crossbreeding has been going on for hundreds of years, and although this is not a new practice in the dog world, there is still controversy.
In today’s up-and-coming market for trendy “designer dogs”, many experts, breeders and dog lovers are voicing their opinions and opinions as to whether selling first-generation crossbreeds is a good idea.
So what is the big deal?
Many people insist that first generation hybrids are no different from mothers.
A first generation puppy from two different pedigree parents can inherit any mix of physical and behavioural traits from any breed.
Critics say this makes them unpredictable, unreliable and sometimes even confused or plagued by conflicting influences.
In short, it destroys decades – sometimes centuries – of careful selective breeding by pedigree breeders.
On the other hand…
The followers of the crossbreeding practice naturally feel differently.
They say that there is a very big difference between crosses and nuts.
For example, a cross is the offspring of two specific purebred parents, while a mutt is more of a random mix with a widely unknown pedigree.
The result is uncertain, but for some this is part of the call.
Designer Dog Health
It is no secret that purebred dogs have more and more genetic problems due to centuries of overbreeding.
However, pedigree purists also fear that designer dogs are bred for commercial purposes and pay little attention to health.
In fact, both pedigree breeders and designer dog breeders are equally capable of keeping an eye on recurring health problems in the pedigree of their breeding line.
However, there is evidence that crossbreeding improves the biological fitness of dogs.
And what about the Morkie? Let’s find out.
Where did the Morkie come from?
We don’t know when the first Morkie puppy was born and if his conception was intended or not.
We also do not know when the name Morkie was coined or when this little hybrid took off.
But we do know much more about his parents. Let us start with the Maltese!
Origin of the Maltese
Named after the island of Malta from which it was discovered, the old Maltese was bred for one thing and one thing only – for cuddling.
This little lap dog was popular for its beauty, pure white coat, small size and perfect proportions.
He began as a respected lapdog, but was discovered by Greece in the fourth and fifth centuries BC.
At that time the Maltese became a fashion statement among Roman women.
The Maltese survived the fall of Rome and were not extinct during the dark ages.
Over the years the breed was refined and perfected, and as the dog shows became more and more popular, so did the delightful Maltese.
Today the Maltese is ranked 33rd out of 194 on the list of America’s most popular dog breeds.
Origin of the Yorkshire Terrier
Due to the name of the Yorkshire Terrier it is not surprising that it originates from the English regions Yorkshire and Lancashire.
Founded in 1800, the Yorkshire Terrier, which was called Yorkie, began as a working dog for Scottish migrants.
The talented Yorkie, a dog with a number of extinct Scottish breeds in its blood, was bred to be an experienced destroyer.
He was small enough to get into the smallest of rat houses and was tough enough to catch his prey without fear.
But the Yorkie has a history of rags to riches, and his working days did not last too long.
When the Kennel Club of England finally recognized the Yorkie breed in 1886, he also became a popular fashion statement for noble ladies.
Today, the robust and talented Yorkie is more popular than ever before and ranks 9th out of 194 on the American Kennel Club’s list of the most popular dog breeds.
Nature and Character
The Maltese is a cheerful and affectionate family dog who loves to go on discovery trips.
The enterprising dog is always ready to play and a great companion in everyday life.
The fluffy dogs can also play with children under supervision.
With their cuddly nature they need a lot of attention and stroking to be happy.
They love to follow their owner everywhere, which is no problem because of their height and the lovely nature.
They are shy and reserved towards strangers.
The small, temperamental dogs are self-confident and show no fear towards much bigger dogs.
Well socialized they get along with other dogs, cats or small animals without problems.
The intelligent fur noses have a rather weak hunting instinct, but can follow scent tracks without any problems.
This is due to their curiosity.
They want to be taken seriously as a dog and are dissatisfied if they are not occupied.
Nevertheless these friendly and lively dogs are well suited for beginners.
Now that we are dealing with the offspring of two tiny lapdogs, who are popular because of their sweet disposition and charming appearance, can we say that the Morkie personality will be incredibly charming? Let’s find out!
What is the Morkie temperament?
Morkies bark a lot? Are they good with children? And what kind of companions do they make?
These are all very important questions if you are considering bringing a morkie into your household.
And although it is true that both the purebred Maltese and the purebred Yorkie were bred as lap dogs, we cannot forget that the Yorkie in particular is a terrier breed and terriers are known for their sass.
In its early days, the Yorkie was a working dog bred for rodent extermination, and you may notice a stubborn stubbornness in your Morkie dog’s temperament due to the past of his Yorkie parent.
However, if your Morkie is looking for his Maltese parent, you expect him to be enthusiastic, incredibly gentle and ready for a cuddle.
Both the Maltese and Yorkie are playful, puppy-like breeds. So you can expect your Adult Morkie to bring a number of puppy-like qualities to his later years.
Your Morkie at home
The Morkie is probably also very attached to his humans.
It is important to keep this in mind when you consider a Morkie as a pet.
If you have a very busy schedule or are not around often enough to give your Morkie the love and attention he needs every day, then this may not be the best dog for you.
Not only can the Morkie be playful, cuddly and love everyone at the same time, but he can also be a bit loud.
This makes him a wonderful watchdog, but for the people in and around the household this could be a nuisance.
Fortunately both the Yorkie and the Maltese are intelligent breeds and the positive reinforcement that teaches him when and where to use his voice will help.
What about children and other pets?
Remember that although the Morkie likes children and other dogs, it is not the best choice for families with very young children.
He could also fight in a house that already has bigger, wilder dogs.
Remember that the Yorkshire Terrier x Maltese is a very small dog.
He could easily get hurt if he is treated too roughly.
Of course, we always suggest early training in socialisation and obedience, which starts at puppy age, and the Maltese mix of Yorkshire Terrier is no exception.
Appearance of the Maltese
The black button eyes and the cute stump nose surrounded by shiny white fur will melt the hearts of dog lovers.
Despite its small size of 20 to 25 centimetres and a weight of up to 4 kilograms, the Maltese is a real eye-catcher.
The small dog with an elongated body looks very elegant and carries its head proudly raised.
The long and soft fur is usually blossom white, but can also be ivory coloured.
If the coat is allowed to grow long, it reaches parted on the back almost down to the ground.
The dog breed is easily confused with other dog breeds by laymen.
Although they all descend from one type of dog, many varieties of the bichon have developed over the centuries.
Especially with the also white Coton de Tuléar many laymen confuse it.
However, the Malti is smaller than this and has a smooth coat.
It is also easy to confuse it with the curly bichon frisé from Tenerife, the Italian Bolognese or the multicoloured Havanese.
If you are dealing with a crossbred dog, it will be difficult to determine exactly what you will get in terms of appearance.
Due to the small size of both the Maltese and the Yorkie, we can expect the Yorkshire Terrier Cross Maltese to remain around 7 to 9 inches tall and weigh under 7 pounds.
This means that your adult Morkie dog will still be the size of a small puppy.
But what about his coat and other features?
To get a better idea of what your Morkie might look like, let’s take a look at the physical descriptions of his parent breeds.
Defining characteristics of the Maltese
The Maltese is between 7-9 inches tall and weighs under 7 pounds.
He is known for his white, silky coat, which can grow to floor length.
The Maltese also has large, dark eyes and a tail that curls down to the back.
Characteristics of the Yorkshire Terrier defined
The Yorkie, which is 7-8 inches tall and weighs less than 7 pounds, also has a familiar silky coat that can grow to floor length if necessary.
However, his coat is available in several colour combinations. These colours include:
- Blue and Tan
- Black and gold
- Blue and gold
Remember that your Morkie is a cross-breed, and he could inherit any number of the above physical characteristics from his purebred parents.
Raising the Morkie puppy
The aggressive and naughty behaviour of some representatives of the breed can usually be attributed to lack of training, due to its image as a lap dog.
With a non-violent and loving upbringing the Maltese develops into a great partner for everyday life.
You do not need any special knowledge or experience to train the dog willing to learn.
If it is your first dog, you should get help in a dog school.
Don’t let the cute puppy look soften your eyes and show the dog clearly what he is allowed to do and what not.
If you give in once, you have to fight with bad habits all your dog’s life.
What the dog is allowed to do as a puppy, he will keep in adulthood.
The small dogs are usually friendly and want to please their owner.
Early socialisation and getting used to strangers and animals is very important so that you can master everyday life together and without problems.
Morkie Grooming and general care
Both the Yorkie and the Maltese have similar coats, which means that your Morkie dog breed will be less unpredictable when grooming.
However, the care of Morkie depends on the type of Morkie coat you choose.
While some owners let their Morkie dog’s hair grow out, others choose a puppy haircut that’s much easier to maintain.
However, the Morkie’s hair is long and silky and requires frequent brushing.
He also needs a weekly bath with a high-quality dog shampoo to keep hair and coat healthy.
Your Morkie will also need to trim nails and check ears regularly to prevent wax and moisture from building up and causing ear infections.
Is the Morkie hypoallergenic?
What about allergies? There really is no such thing as a 100% hypoallergenic dog, but the Morkie will be as hypoallergenic as it comes.
So, Morkies? Actually, the Morkie hardly falls off and does not produce much allergenic skin, which makes it an ideal pet for dog lovers who suffer from allergies.
Life expectancy and health concerns of Morkie
All dogs are susceptible to certain health problems and the morkie does not differ.
With a life span of 11-15 years, the Morkie might tend to inherit the same problems as his purebred parents.
As he is a cross-breed, you may want to consider early screening for your Morkie puppy.
Early screening is a great way to find out what your Morkie might be susceptible to.
Another way to maintain your Morkie’s health is to be aware of the problems his parent breeds are prone to.
When you meet your breeder, ask detailed questions about the health of the breeding lines.
Your dogs should have had a full veterinary examination before breeding, which they should be happy (proud!) to share with you.
Maltese and Yorkie Health
Both the Maltese and the Yorkie are prone to dental problems.
You may want to talk to your vet about how best to maintain the oral health of your Morkie dog.
You can also invest in a doggy toothbrush and doggie toothpaste to keep your Morkie dog’s teeth and gums as healthy as possible.
Another health problem that is common with Morkie is a collapsed windpipe.
The windpipe is made up of soft tissue in the dog’s neck.
When pressure is applied, the trachea can sometimes collapse.
Smaller dogs are more prone to collapsed trachea than larger dogs.
For this reason, morkie and smaller dogs like him should always walk on a harness.
Now let’s take a look at the general health and life expectancy of the Morkie’s purebred parents, starting with the Maltese.
Life span and health concerns of a Maltese
The purebred Maltese usually live between 12 and 15 years of age.
And although the Maltese is a generally healthy breed, apart from some oral problems and the collapse of the trachea, there are a few things that a potential Maltese or Maltese cross owner should keep in mind These problems include
- Luxury patella
- Heart Anomalies
- Liver shunt
- microvascular dysplasia
- and encephalitis.
Life span and health concerns for a Yorkshire Terrier
The Yorkie has a similar lifespan to his Maltese colleague, who lives between 11 and 15 years.
Besides dental problems and the collapse of the trachea, the Yorkie can also be susceptible
- Patellar luxation
- Legg-Perthes Disease
- Skin allergies
- Retinal Dysplasia
- Liver shunt
- and hemorrhagic gastroenteritis.
Since luxating patellas (kneecaps that slip easily) and liver shunt (abnormal connection of the blood vessels around the liver) are common in both breeds, it is important to collect them specifically from your breeder.
Since they are hereditary, dogs with either condition should not be used for breeding.
A big advantage of the Morkie dog is that it is quite easy to groom during training and exercise.
However, this does not mean that you as the owner can be lazy with him!
Remember, the Morkie is the offspring of two very intelligent parents and he will need a lot of mental stimulation and training to make him happy.
Fortunately, positive reinforcement like much praise and treatment does wonders in training this little dog, and with repetition and patience he should be a great student.
ou have to train all dogs, of course, but the morkie can get fed simply by playing a 30-minute pickup game in your house.
Even an adult Morkie does not need long walks or runs.
In fact, because of its small size, it will probably get out quickly on long excursions.
As long as he is played with and allowed to hunt some toys every day, he will be happy.
Activities with the Maltese
Maltese are small and cute dogs, but are in no way inferior to other breeds.
They also need long walks, games and other activities.
These clever dogs love to explore their surroundings and follow interesting scent tracks.
Search games with little treats are a great joy for the little ball of fur.
The little dogs also love to play and romp around with balls and other throwing toys.
With patience and consequence the four-legged friends learn tricks and stunts.
If he does not get enough occupation, the funky dog can become a yapper or start to destroy the furniture.
Even if he doesn’t look like that, the Maltese is a real dog who is happy about any kind of occupation.
If you would like to keep your dog occupied on a professional level, you can do dog sports with him.
However, you should not overburden him, but you can try small exercises with Agility or Dog Dance.
Is the Morkie right for me?
The Morkie is a wonderful companion! He is intelligent, friendly, gentle and sociable and with good socialization and training he is sure to get along with everybody.
Nevertheless, it is important to know that Morkie is a very small dog who can suffer a number of injuries if handled too roughly.
And although he is adaptable in most domestic environments, this may not be the best choice for children with very young children or other, larger domestic dogs who are a bit more awkward.
Also, the Morkie is an indoor dog and should not be left outside unattended.
Because of its small size, it could easily get into small rooms or be seen as prey by larger animals.
The ideal home type for a Morkie is a family that is often at home or has a flexible work schedule and can spend a lot of time with this dog.
Choosing a Morkie puppy
What is a Morkie Puppy compared to Morkie Poo puppies?
The Morkie is the offspring of the Maltese and the Yorkie, while a Morkie Poo will be a mixture of Maltese, Yorkie and Poodle.
If you are hunting for a Morkie, it is important to pay attention to this.
There are a number of Morkie crosses, and if you want the plain and simple Morkie, make sure you get it right.
But what else should you pay attention to when you look at the information about Morkie puppies?
Well, for beginners we think you should consider your sources.
Choosing a Morkie breeder
Make sure that you either go through reputable breeders who understand the importance of screening, or go through reputable animal shelters if you are planning a rescue.
Most Morkie breeders charge between $500 and over $1,000 for a Morkie puppy.
Renowned breeders can provide you with certificates that prove that their puppies are healthy.
Morkie rescues are usually a fraction of the breeder’s price, which will run you anywhere from $50 to $100.
Many rescues also cover the initial vet fee for your Morkie dog.
Whichever route you choose, remember, research and patience are the key to finding the healthiest Morkie!
The Morkie in short
The tiny Morkie is an unlikely mixture of warm and sunny Malta and cool Yorkshire.
This mongrel dog has excellent qualities for the lap dog on both sides of his pedigree.
His personality may not be completely predictable, but his companionship is guaranteed.
He might try a little harder to train than some other dogs, and his tiny bones are fragile, so this pint-sized buddy is often the best in all-adult households.
When you meet your breeder, pay special attention to the health problems that affect both Maltese and Yorkshire Terrier dogs. Good luck!
Interesting and worth knowing
The Maltese was already very popular with aristocrats and celebrities in ancient times and this has not changed over the years.
True icons like Marilyn Monroe, Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley owned a representative of the breed.
Even today’s celebrities like Ashton Kutcher, Halle Berry and Desperate Housewives star Eva Longoria own one or more cute Maltis.
Many celebrities had their picture taken with the little Maltese bitch named Lucky Diamond.
She even got an entry in the Guinness Book of Records as the most frequently photographed animal in the world with celebrities.
The pretty Maltese lady took a proud 363 photos with actors, presidents, singers, billionaires and other dazzling personalities.
The richest dog that ever lived was the Malti lady “Trouble”.
In 2007 she inherited a proud twelve million dollars from her mistress Leona Helmsley.
She was able to spend the rest of her dog’s life in a noble hotel in Florida and crossed the Rainbow Bridge in 2010 at the age of twelve.